Stethoscope Among the Most Popular Medical Instruments

For a medical practitioner to determine what is going on to the patients body, he would always need tools and equipment whenever taking diagnostic procedure. The medical instruments are usually categorized according to their function, either for invasive or non-invasive examination procedure. For the non-invasive medical instrument, the stethoscopes are among the physicians most commonly used diagnostic instruments.

Before the invention of stethoscopes, physicians used to practice “immediate auscultation” wherein they literally place their ears directly on the patients chest or back to listen for the sounds of congestion in the lungs and irregular heartbeats. But intimate contact to diagnose a sick patient is very risky for the part of the physicians as they may be infected with communicable diseases. And for the part of the patient, it is a little bit discomforting especially if a male doctor is examining a female physician.

In the early 19th century, a French physician Rene Theophile Hyacinthe Laennec discovered that it is also possible to hear internal sounds using a tube. At first, he made an improvised tube out of several sheets of paper. With the positive result that the said listening medical instrument brings, Laennec then perfected it using wooden materials. The wooden ausculatator that Laennec invented was called stethoscope, which combining the Greek words stethos (for chest) and scope (to view).

Along with the advancements in technology, the said medical instrument used for auscultation is also improved. And if you will see, the stethoscopes being sold nowadays have a bell-shaped device with a clear plastic diaphragm that is placed directly on a patients chest or back, a length of rubber tubing that connects the diaphragm to a hollow metal headset with dual plastic earpieces in order for the examiner to hear the sounds from the chest cavity every time the patient breaths.

Aside from the sounds of congestion in the lungs, heartbeats of a person or even of the developing baby inside the mothers womb can also be heard using the same medical instrument for respiratory check up. The flat surface of the stethoscopes diaphragm is used when examining flat body surface like chest and back as well as in listening high pitch sound. Meanwhile, the bell is used when hearing internal sounds from rounded surface like stomach. Moreover, bell is used to hear low pitch sound. But if you put pressure on the bell, this will pick up higher pitch sounds.

Who Is The Leading Actor In Kollywood

Ajith Kumar (Thala): Ajith Kumar’s last two projects Billa and Aegan were mega hits. This shows that performance of Ajith Kumar is stunning! Ajith Kumar truly the superstar if you go by his recent records. Even though he is a leading actor, do you think Ajith Kumar is the number one Kollywood actor?

Vijay (Ilayathalapathi): In Simple, the MASS actor of Kollywood. Day by day his fans are increasing in bulk. He knows the pulse of his Fans. He is a son of Director. He entered the cinema field easily. Actor Vijay loves doing commercial movies. Nowadays people are not only looking on Hero’s style in the movies, they need some interesting story too. Vijay’s last three films Azhagiya Tamil Magan, Kuruvi and Villu were not upto the task that his fans expected from him. Actor Vijay should concentrate on the stories on his upcoming projects, else he could loose his MASS fans.

Surya: Surya is a chocolate hero in Kollywood. His personal life is also cute. He married actress Jothika after falling in LOVE with her when doing “Poovellam Kaetuppaar”. Actor Surya’s recent movies are blockbusters and Box office hits. People like him because of his decent acting, charming look and mainly trying different characterizations in Kollywood movies. Can Surya become Superstar in Kollywood?

Vikram: Vikram is one of the best actor in Kollywood. People will always expect something different from him. He has won National Award for the film Pitha magan directed by Bala. He is currently shooting for the film kathasami, which is expected to give a huge hit for him. So is Vikram the number one actor of Kollywood?

Kamal hasan: Kamal hasan is one of the best actor in Hollywood. We can say he is director, actor, singer, dancer in Kollywood. His latest movie Dasavatharam gave him the record for his acting in 10 roles. Dasavatharam became a huge hit all over the world. Even though he is best actor in Hollywood whether he has change for Super Star in Kollywood

Rajnikanth: Rajnikanth is one of the best actor in Kollywood. He has fans in Entire World, Mostly of his film will be fast moving and will have a good story. Starting from kids ending with old people will like his film. Without fear most of the producer will invest money on him. The Only Super Star and leading actor in Kollywood is Rajnikanth

Zulu Musical Instruments, Essential To Develop Musical Traditions In Africa

African music is the music of Africans who live in a large region of 50 nations, each with a special culture, history and language, South of Sahara. Zulu musical instruments are part of this multilingual culture. African music has some distinct characteristics: the use of repetition is one of them. Another important characteristic is the polyphony; this is the combination of different musical parts played simultaneously.

The history is marked by the awesome military strategies of the Zulu King Shaka. The King’s and his warriors’ campaign of expansion is well known in world history. Zulu rich traditional culture includes songs, dances and colorful rituals, Zulu musical instruments are spectacular and original. A variety of Zulu musical instruments are well known, s well as the traditional Mine dance; Zulus have longtime used their music as a cry for freedom.

African music is really rich in modes of expression: drum ensembles are using Zulu musical instruments from the percussion family. Each drummer uses special methods to produce sounds to distinguish his drum from the others. Iron bells are very popular Zulu musical instruments; they are used to produce a repeated sound to help the drummers to play at the correct time.

Zulu musical instruments, rare and very special
The akadinda is a king of xylophone; two groups of African musicians are playing simultaneously. The first group is playing repeatedly the same pattern; the second group plays to fill in the missing sounds. Groups of Zulu musicians play also using flutes, trumpets or xylophones. Each player plays a single note in a strange rotation with the other players. The result is a polyphonic piece, characteristic to African music.

Musical practices of South African people were observed from many years; Zulu musical instruments are obsolete. Venda mbila is an old Zulu musical instrument; it is not used anymore. Reed flutes, contrary, are still very popular. The influence of foreign cultures and civilizations causes many of old Zulu musical instruments to become obsolete.

Musical instruments such as tsonga a horn, ingungu a friction drum, nkoka a drum, pedi a flute, venda musical bow and stick, deze and demba thumb piano and resonatos, umfece ankle rattles are almost obsolete.

To preserve this awesome heritage of Zulu musical instruments, the necessary information was entered into a database; each Zulu musical instrument was digitally photographed to preserve all information about it.

Leading Russian Composer And Executive Alexander Shulgin Signs To MusicDish Network

MusicDish President Eric de Fontenay announced the signing of leading Russian composer, performer and industry executive Alexander Shulgin to its artist development program. Shulgin has had more than 20 hit albums, including 10 Number 1 albums as co-producer, while working with such iconic artists as Valeria, Mumiy Troll, Dima Malikov, Gruppa.fm and many others.

MusicDish will be providing representation in the North American market, including brand development, marketing, fan building and consultation on all aspects of online artist development. Specifically, MusicDish will be promoting Shulgin’s 3-album compilation “Tryptych” through its network of online assets, social networks and street teams. Featuring new music, melodies and instrumentals from the famed composer, the albums were recorded by an impressive line-up of artists including legendary drummer Billy Cobham, pianist Gary Husband, bassist John Patitucci and guitarist Paul Drew, to name a few.

About Alexander Shulgin Alexander Shulgin is a leading composer, performer and executive in the new Russian music industry, having worked with such iconic artists as Valeria, Mumiy Troll, Dima Malikov, Gruppa.fm and many others. Mr. Shulgin owns and operates Familia Entertainment, a record label, and Familia Publishing, a publishing company.

Shulgin began his career with the legendary Russian rock band The Cruise (1983-1986), which sold 20 million copies of their first album in 1985. He went on the work on a series of international projects, from “The Taiga Symphony,” a combination of Russian classic music with western rock-music performed by The Moscow Symphony Orchestra, to “Merry Christmas to the World”, another ambitious East-West collaboration between Shulgin and BBC Worldwide. Shulgin is also a composer of music for films and TV, his songs appearing in films by Lukas Moodysson and Ken Russell, the TV music serial “Primadonna” as well as all the music for the first public TV channel “Spas” for which he composed .

Websites: (Russian language)

About MusicDish, LLC Since 1997, MusicDish LLC has served as the bridge between the music industry and the artist. Through its extensive online presence, MusicDish provides artists with an edge over the ever-prevalent competition the music industry entails. MusicDish gives the artist the opportunity to take advantage of several different services: a creative approach to artist development and representation; online press release distribution & marketing; publications disclosing all the latest information involving the music industry; and even a indie music video channel.

Tips In Looking For A Local Orlando DJ Service

The things that you need to consider when hiring an Orlando DJ are the following. First is the professional background of the service provider. You want to know if the professional that you will hire for the service is a competent one. You want to know if he is experienced.

There are more other things that you want to know or check with the disc jockey. You want to know if he is a professional in the service. There are information on the internet that you will find that could help you know the disc jockey more professionally. Find out if the disc jockey is having regular gigs on a radio.

As you immerse yourself into the service, you will become a professional in no time sooner. Inquire from your local municipality if you need to secure a license in order to do a show or render the service to the public in exchange for some money. You can also search the internet for the website of the small business administration of your local area.

After the expiry date, the disc jockey cannot anymore continue to provide service to his clients without this so called business license. Renewing said license entails some requirements. You need to complete the requirements before you can be granted again with the license.

You will be assessed by local authorities. If they find you fit enough to render the service, then a new business license is issued. When it comes to professional license, there are gray areas. If you will be disc jockeying in the radio, a licensed operator suffices the requirement. The operator of the radio disc jockeying service must have the license.

You have to keep the shows in minimal quantity or else you are going to need a small business license for it. It would be better if you choose to get a small business license for it. There are advantages and privileges. You can save on taxes if you get a business license for your mobile disc jockey service.

If you choose not toScience Articles, then make sure that your earnings of the service and pay your taxes properly. People can also give recommendations to others who need a certain service. Look for people who you think can help you in finding one. This is also one way of getting feedback.

People who recommend a professional service provider can give comments on the professional background of the disc jockey. People will not recommend certain services if they know nothing about it. They must have tried the service and was satisfied with the provider.

You also have tools that you can use in writing the comments. Use these tools in editing and publishing your comments. Talk to several disc jockeys. It is nice to be able to help local performers in your area. Besides it is also easier for you to check the background of the professional if you use a local Orlando DJ. Check the experience of the professional.

Television Premiers and Their Marketing Gimmicks

Repetitive schedules every week might urge the fans to switch to other channels in search of new films, unless it is a film like 3 Idiots or DDLJ that’s being telecasted.
But again it depends on which film is being telecasted. Films like Once Upon A Time IN Mumbai Again and Zanjeer which bombed at the box office proves to back fire for channels telecasting them unless there is no good option on TV. While most of them have opted for seeing BIGG BOSS 7 with Salman Khan or MAHABHARAT on a Sunday evening, it only goes out to prove that people do not have access to very few good films on the weekend. So while channels need to make an attempt to bring new films to improve their TRPs, they also need to shuffle with good films in their schedule rather than frequently repeating it. If they do not adapt to this formula they might just end up being another Channel V. While the music channel converted itself into a youth centric channel and have got ridden of their dose of music, the channel had started showcasing films every morning. But then the repetitiveness of films forced the channel to replace it with new youth centric shows. Similar was the case with MTV who once showcased films only to realise that the formula isn’t working for them.

But some channels still manage to sell old and new releases in a very modern manner wherein they bank upon their promotional tactics to make the broadcast a hit formula. Social media, mobile marketing and various contests make sure that the film, in spite of being telecasted for the millionth time will get its audience. These contests include bribing prizes like the film posters, DVDs, merchandise and even a date with the lead star cast of the film. Hindi movie TV channels like Sony Max, Movies Okay, COLORS and Zee films are too fond of this technique of promotion. While Facebook and Twitter contests begin a few hours before the movie is broadcasted, the excitement and the moods are already set.

However with limited techniques of promotion and lack of innovationComputer Technology Articles, it will be interesting to see how these movie channels cash in their gimmicks to hold on to their viewers.

Asian Models A Rage In The Fashion Industry

An emerging trend that raised eyebrows of fashionistas around the globe was the introduction of Asian models on international magazines and global runways. An industry that has been known to be dominated by Europeans by virtue of their height, traditional good looks and slender frames has been introduced to the graceful and lithe physique that Asian models stand out for.

Gone are the dayswhen the blonde and blue-eyed used to steal the limelight. And they are by no means obsolete of international catwalks, the Asian standard is slowly stealing the show.

The growing tourism potential of Asian countries like the Philippines has paved the way for a lucrative modeling industry. While it has bred a handful of international modeling superstars, it wasnt until recently that the world has begun to focus on the sheer potential it holds. Given that commercial print and fashion runway models arerelatively on highdemand with an economy strongly anchored on advertising, marketing and fashion retail, clients now seek diversity when it comes to looksadding a mix of Asian ideals with Caucasian aesthetic for variety on local magazines and catwalks.

Lately this year some up thrust their visibility as hot new faces like FeiFei Sun and So Young Kang appeared on major runway shows, adcampaigns, and magazine editorials.This shift in the modeling industry went through animpressive storm when last October, Louis Vuittons cheongsam-inspired spring 2011 summer collectiongaveeight Asian modelsthe chance to walk its prestigious runway.

This was soon followed by Vogue magazines editorial feature dedicated to Asian models.
It was also accompanied by an impressive article thatproclaimed that Asians are redefining traditional concepts of natural beauty. A month after thatdesigner Ricardo Tisci booked an entirely Asiancasted show for Givenchys spring 2011 couture presentation. A Chinese newcomer,Sui He,became the very first Asianmodel to inaugurate Ralph Laurens fall 2011 show in New York, which was coincidentally Asian themed. Shes been rumoredto front the designers upcoming fall campaign along with favorite Lauren face, Valentina Zelyeva.

A few rising South Korean models were also raising the Asian aesthetic withYoung Kang walking in the Oscar de la Renta and Marni shows this season. These models can very well inspire longevity of career in modelingwith booking for Calvin Klein and Dolce & Gabbanas fall campaign, shot by Steven Klein. Its certain that successful Asian models have bought an increase in diversity and have redesigned a whole new meaning to vogue fashion industry.

Good Wedding Photography Locations Around Philadelphia

For wedding photography, Philadelphia is probably the best city in the country. It’s urban, steeped in history and culture, filled with gardens and parks and dubbed the “city of love” for a reason. For five of the city’s best wedding photography locations, keep reading.

Longwood Gardens

It’s hard to go wrong at Longwood Gardens, the grounds are massive, but also pristine and positively stunning. With water fountains, flowers and beautiful foliage, the Gardens make for an incredible backdrop setting for your Philadelphia wedding photos.

However, before you arrive at the Longwood gates with your wedding party, photographer and lights in tow, you should know the Gardens do allow photography, but there are policies you must follow. All attendees are required to pay the $16 entrance fee, and no tripods or lights can be used at any time. You may also be required to sign a permission form saying the photos are for personal, not commercial, use.

LOVE Park

Philadelphia’s JFK Plaza is lovingly nicknamed LOVE Park thanks to the iconic LOVE statue made by Robert Indiana situated at the head of the park. It’s an urban, Center City setting with a romantic fountain and a locale that simply embodies the city.

It’s free to take photos in LOVE Park, but be prepared to compete with other wedding parties, especially if you’re shooting on a busy June Saturday. To avoid disappointment, set aside some extra photography time in case you run into another wedding.

Bartram Gardens

Bartram’s Gardens are the country’s oldest public gardens, and the setting is both romantic and idyllic. With its stone courtyard, historical buildings and beautiful garden setting – it’s a great spot for wedding photography. Philadelphia photographers should know the location well.

While Bartram’s Garden can be rented out for photos only, brides should be aware that the site is often booked for special events, including weddings. For strictly photos, it can be secured for between $200 and $250 an hour.

Art Museum Steps

As the major focus of Philadelphia’s Fairmount Park, the Philadelphia Museum of Art is massive and a true landmark of the city. For those looking for a real taste of Philadelphia in their wedding photos, this could be it.

The steps are massive and high, while the eight pillars are a stunning backdrop. You may recognize the popular photo setting from the Rocky movies as the steps that Rocky Balboa climbed during his training. Keep in mind that wedding parties require a $50 per hour permit from the Fairmount Park Commission to shoot on the location.

Rittenhouse Square

Smack dab in the middle of Center City, Rittenhouse Square is both a convenient and beautiful spot for wedding pictures. Philadelphia residents will instantly recognize the urban park’s green setting and natural beauty. The best part? You don’t need a permit to shoot.

Meditations For Those Who Gossip About Others

Have you ever caught yourself gossiping about another? Have you ever talked to a friend or stranger about your next door neighbor who you thought was having an affair with the pool man? Have you ever stood around the water fountain and talked about what a colleague did at the previous nights Christmas Party?

Gossiping about each other, the stars and especially the neighbors have become a common past time for us human roamers of this planet. The act of gossiping whilst may give you an immediate high this high is only short lived and over time the resentment will build inside of you between you and the person you are gossiping about but also within your own mind.

The act of gossiping in the work place is a very common act but it is also a very destructive one to the harmony of that workplace. See, gossiping feeds on the negative thoughts of both you and others and as a result generates a state of mind that is negative and in all cases unproductive.

Whilst one single act of meaningless gossip may not seem to have any consequences, you will find that your mind will get used to the negativity and over time this will build up and the impact on your karma can have dire consequences on your ability to grow and nurture your life and to be happy.

The Meditation

The first step in this meditation is to reflect on the act of gossiping during your meditation. Focus on the effect of the negative state of your mind whilst you gossip. Reflect on the pain that the gossiping is causing on the person not just hearing the gossip but also is the focus of the gossip.

Now that you have reflected on the first account, take a moment when you have attracted a group of people to a gossiping account. Whilst you are reflecting on your gossiping account look into the eyes of the people around you. Look at how they are reacting to your gossip. Is it positive, or is it negative? Remember that gossiping cause’s pain, look into the eyes of the person the gossip is about. Do you see their pain?

In the third stage of this meditation it is now time for you to develop a sense of regret for your actions and for having absolutely no control over the power of your mind. To help you in developing this sense of regret reflect in your meditation on a period in which your gossiping has caused a person to break out into tears. Feel the pain that this person is feeling.

Now that you know the pain your gossiping has caused it is time in your meditation to resolve that you will avoid gossiping and that you will only engage in spoken thought on topics that are positive and that will help your fellow man benefit and find a state of happiness.

digital photography for profit

Amateur DIGITAL PHOTOS are in HIGH DEMAND! With a digital camera, two hours of free time, and some picture taking fun, you can easily earn R2000 a day enjoying the career of your dreams. Today, there’s a growing demand for all kinds of G-rated amateur photos – If you can click a button and upload your photos on the Internet, you can turn your love for photography into instant cash! UNLIMITED EARNINGS: Work part-time or full-time hours; you decide. The more pictures you take, the more money you’ll make. GREAT RESIDUAL INCOME: Just upload your pictures once, and earn up to 60% from every repeat sale. FLEXIBLE HOURS: Work only when you feel like it, from anywhere in the world. HUGE TAX SAVINGS: Operate a home office or snap pictures as you travel-it all adds up to additional tax savings. EXPRESS YOUR CREATIVITY: Keep doing the activities you love and showcase your passion and zest for life though your photographs. Without an ounce of experience, special equipment, or photography skills you can join the 18,000 amateur photographers currently making a full-time living doing something they absolutely love! You see, over a million new businesses start up each year. And one of the first things those new businesses need is marketing materials. Makes sense right? Furthermore, how often do you see marketing materials (websites, brochures, newspaper ads) without any pictures? Rarely, I bet. PHOTO SITES JUST CAN’T KEEP UP WITH THE DEMAND! And that, my friend, has created what I call a “rock-solid advantage” for everyday people like you and me. Because, as long as you have a digital camera, an Internet connection and a few hours a week to spare, you can immediately start a fun and lucrative career as an online photographer. Right now, photographic websites are crying for more photos. Most are struggling to accommodate the hundreds of thousands of image buyers currently browsing through their websites. Seriously, photos are in such high demand that Getty Images (the parent of iStockphoto) reported annual revenue of $857.6 million in 2007 – and since most of their pictures sell for around R20 to R150 – it doesn’t take a genius to see how lucrative this business can be. Plus, I also know of five new photographic websites that just opened their doors, who are eager to cash in on this growing trend. They are desperate for photos and will pay top dollar for the right ones. It’s a cash-rich opportunity that’s allowing thousands of everyday people to make an above average living, from the comfort of their own home. Ideal for stay-at-home moms, graduates that are in between jobs, students who want some part-time earnings, and even retired couples living on a fixed pension – it’s a wonderful way to earn extra money, pay down debts, or to tuck away extra cash for a rainy day. Imagine having the flexibility to take time off when your kids are sick; to enjoy your retirement without the financial worry; or to sleep in and work later, after you’ve had a lousy nights